Curriculum Vitae


Ph.D., Environment (2013)
Duke University

B.S., summa cum laude, Natural Resource Conservation (2006)
Minors: English, Agriculture and Natural Resource Ethics and Policy
University of Florida

Refereed Publications

**Open access

  1. **Carlisle, K., and Gruby, R.L. Polycentric systems of governance: A theoretical model for the commons.. In Press, Policy Studies Journal.  OPEN ACCESS
  2. **Gruby, R.L., Fairbanks, L.W., Acton, L., Artis, E., Campbell, L.M., Gray, N.J., Mitchell, L., Zigler, S.B.J., Wilson, K. Conceptualizing social outcomes of large marine protected areas. In Press, Coastal Management.
  3. **Gruby, R.L. Macropolitics of Micronesia: Toward a critical theory of regional environmental governance. In Press, Global Environmental PoliticsOPEN ACCESS
  4. Gray, N.J., Bennett, N.J., Day, J., Gruby, R.L., Wilhelm, T.A., Christie, P. Human Dimensions of Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas: Advancing Research and Practice. In Press, Coastal Management
  5. Christie, P., Bennett, N.J., Gray, N.J., Wilhelm, T. A., Lewis, N., Ban, N.C., Gruby, R.L., Gordon, L., Day, J., Taei, S., Friedlander, A.M. (2017). Why People Matter in Ocean Governance: Incorporating Human Dimensions into Large Scale Marine Protected Areas. Marine Policy 84: 273-284.
  6. Bennett, N., Teh, L., Ota, Y., Christie, P., Ayers, A.,Day, J., Franks, P., Gill, D., Gruby, R.. Kittinger, J.N.,Koehn, J.Z., Lewis, N., Parks, J., Vierros, M., Whitty, T.S., Wilhelm, A., Wright, K., Aburto, J.A., Finkbeiner, A., Gaymer, C., Govan, H., Gray, N., Jarvis, R.M., Kaplan-Hallam, M.K., Satterfield (2017). An Appeal for a Code of Conduct for Marine ConservationMarine Policy 81: 411–18.
  7. **Gruby, R.L., Gray, N.J., Campbell, L.M., Acton, L. (2016). Toward a Social Science Research Agenda for Large Marine Protected AreasConservation Letters 9(3): 153-163. OPEN ACCESS
  8. Campbell, L.M., Gray, N.J., Fairbanks, L., Silver, J.J., Gruby, R.L., Dubik, B., Basurto, X. (2016). Governing the Oceans: New and Emerging Issues. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. 41: 2.1-2.27.
  9. Witter, R., Marion Suiseeya, K.R., Gruby, R.L., Hitchner, S., Maclin, E.M., Bourque, M., Brosius, J.P. (2015) Moments of Influence in Global Environmental Governance. Environmental Politics 24(6): 894-912.
  10. Leslie, H.M., Sievanen, L., Gancos Crawford, T., Gruby, R.L., Villanueva-Aznar H.C., Campbell, L.M. (2015). Learning from ecosystem-based management in practice.  Coastal Management.  43(5): 471-497.
  11. Silver, J.J., Gray, N.J., Campbell, L.M., Fairbanks, L.W., & Gruby, R.L. (2015). Blue economy and competing discourses in international oceans governance. Environment and Development 24(2): 135-160.
  12. Gray, N.J., Gruby, R.L., and Campbell, L.M (2014). Boundary Objects and Global Consensus: Scalar Narratives of Marine Conservation in the Convention on Biological Diversity. Global Environmental Politics 14(3): 64-83.
  13. Corson C., R.L. Gruby, R. Witter, S. Hagerman, D. Suarez, S. Greenberg, M. Bourque, N. Gray, and L.M. Campbell (2014).   Everyone’s solution? Defining and redefining protected areas at the Convention on Biological Diversity.  Conservation and Society 12(2): 190-202.
  14. Gruby R.L., and X. Basurto (2013). Multi-level governance for large marine commons: Politics and polycentricity in Palau’s protected area network. Environmental Science and Policy 33: 260-272.
  15. Campbell L.M., N.J. Gray, L.W. Fairbanks, J.J. Silver, R.L. Gruby. Oceans at Rio+20 (2013). Conservation Letters  6 (6):439-447.
  16. Gruby R.L., and L.M. Campbell (2013). Scalar Politics and the Region: Strategies for Transcending Pacific Island ‘Smallness’ on a Global Environmental Governance StageEnvironment and Planning A 45 (9): 2046-2063
  17. Sievanen L., R.L. Gruby, L.M. Campbell (2013). Fixing Marine Governance in Fiji? The New Scalar Narrative of Ecosystem-Based Management. Global Environmental Change 23 (1): 206-216.
  18. Hastings, J., R.L. Gruby, L. Sievanen  (2012). Science-based Coastal Management in Fiji: Two Case Studies from the NGO Sector. Marine Policy 36(4): 907-914.


Book Chapters

  1. Epstein, G., Bennett, A., Gruby, R.L., Acton, L., & Nenadovic, M. (2014).  Studying power with the social-ecological system framework. In Manfredo, M.J., Vaske, J.J., Rechkemmer, A., Duke, E., eds., Understanding society and natural resources: Forging new strands of integration across the social sciences. New York: Springer Press: 111-134.
  2. Bruch, C., D. Jensen, M. Nakayama, J. Unruh, R.L. Gruby & R.  Wolfarth (2008).  Post-Conflict Peace Building and Natural Resources, in Yearbook of International Environmental Law, eds. O. K. Fauchald, D. Hunter & W. Xi, 39. New York: Oxford University Press.

Research Reports and Outreach

  1. Gray, N., Gruby, R., Campbell, L., Acton, L. (2015). Marine Wilderness or Peopled Seas? 9 (2): 13-17.
  2. Gruby, R., L. Sievanen, H. Leslie, and T. Gancos. (2012). The Babeldaob Island Ecosystem-Based Management Initiative: A Case Study of Marine Ecosystem-Based Management. Univ of Michigan and Brown & Duke Universities, Marine Ecosystem-Based Management in Practice [url]
  3. Gruby, R., L. Sievanen, H. Leslie, and T. Gancos. (2012). Fiji’s Vatu-i-Ra and Cakau Levu Reefs Seascape Project: A Case Study of Marine Ecosystem-Based Management. Univ of Michigan and Brown & Duke Universities, Marine Ecosystem-Based Management in Practice [url]
  4. Gruby, R.L. & L. Crowder (2009).  Still Waters Run Deep. The Environmental Forum  [url]
  5. Gruby, R.L. & J. McElfish Jr (2008).  Maryland Farmland Conservation: Supporting Sustainable Use of Land through Tax Policy, Report Prepared for the Harry R. Hughes Center for Agro-Ecology (HCAE Pub 2008-04.) [url]

Selection of Research Grants and Fellowships

2017: Sponsoring scientist, State and non-state territorial practices and polycentric governance in UK and US large marine protected areas, National Science Foundation – Social, Behavioral, and Economic Science Postdoctoral Research Fellowship (PI: Leslie Acton)  (Recommended for funding: $137,426)

2014: Principal Investigator, Human dimensions of large marine protected areas Oak Foundation, The Tiffany & Co. Foundation, Waitt Foundation, Lyda Hill  (Total: $638,300)

2014: Co-Principal Investigator,  Institutional analysis of small-scale fisheries in Palau and California. The David and Lucile Packard Foundation ($250,000)

2011: National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant, Geography and Spatial Sciences Program ($11,990)

2008: National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship ($122,500)


2017: Outstanding Publication Award, Warner College of Natural Resources, Colorado State University

2016: Dean’s Award for Excellence to an Early Career Faculty Member, Warner College of Natural Resources, Colorado State University

Professional Experience

Executive Editor, Duke Environmental Law and Policy Forum (2009-2010)
Research Associate, Environmental Law Institute (2006-2008)