Refereed Publications

**Open access

  1. **Niemiec R, Gruby R, Quartuch M, Cavaliere C, Teel T, Crooks K, Salerno J, Stronza A, Meth L, Enrici A, Lanter K, Browne C, Proctor J, Manfredo M. In Press.  Integrating social science into conservation planning.  Biological Conservation.
  2. Acton, L, Gruby, R.L. ‘Alohi Nakachi. “Does polycentricity fit? Linking social fit with polycentric governance in a large-scale marine protected area.” Journal of Environmental Management 290 (2021): 112613.
  3. Chambers JM, Wyborn C, Ryan ME, Reid RS, Riechers M, Serban A, Bennett NJ, Cvitanovic C, Fernandez-Gimenez ME, Galvin KA, Goldstein BE, Klenk NL, Tengö M, Brennan R, Cockburn JJ, Hill R, Munera C, Nel JL, Österblom H, Bednarek AT, Bennett E, Brandeis A, Charli-Joseph L, Chatterton P, Curran K, Dumrongrojwatthana P, Durán AP, Fada SJ, Gerber JD, Green JMH, Guerrero AM, Haller T, Horcea-Milcu A-I, Leimona B, Montana J, Rondeau R, Spierenburg M, Steyaert P, Zaehringer JG, Gruby R, Hutton J, Pickering T. 2021. Six modes of co-production for sustainability. Nature Sustainability, Forthcoming.
  4. **Gruby, R. L., A. Enrici, M. Betsill, E. LeCornu, X. Basurto, and Research Co-designers. Opening the Black Box of Conservation Philanthropy: A co-produced research agenda on private foundations in marine conservation. In Press, Marine Policy.
  5. M. Betsill, A. Enrici, E. Le Cornu, R.L. Gruby, Philanthropic Foundations as Agents of Environmental Governance: A Research Agenda. In Press, Environmental Politics.
  6. **Gruby, R.L., Gray, N., Fairbanks, L., Havice, E., Campbell, L.M., Friedlander, A., Oleson, K., Sam, K., Mitchell, L., Hanich, Q. (In Press). Policy interactions in large-scale marine protected areas. Conservation Letters.
  7. Artis, E., Gray, N., Campbell, L., Gruby, R.L., Acton, L., Mitchell, L. (In Press). Social Perspectives on Large Marine Protected Areas. PLOS ONE
  8. Richmond, L., Gruby, R. L., Kotowicz, D., & Dumouchel, R. (2019). Local participation and large marine protected areas: Lessons from a US Marine National MonumentJournal of environmental management252, 109624.
  9. Carlisle, K., and Gruby, R.L.  2019. Customary Marine Tenure in Palau: Social Function and Implications for Fishery Policy. Human Ecology, 47, 527–539.
  10. Gray, N., Corson, C., Campbell, L. Wilshusen, P., Gruby, R., Hagerman, S. In Press. Doing Collaborative Fieldwork in Human Geography. Geographical Review
  11. Hanich, Q., Rotjan, R., Aqorau, T., Bailey, M., Campbell, B., Gray, N., Gruby, R., Hampton, J., Ota, Y., Parris, H., Reid, C., Sumaila, R., and Swartz, W. (2018). Unraveling the blue paradox: Incomplete analysis yields incorrect conclusions about Phoenix Islands Protected Area closure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115(52): E12122-E12123.
  12. Bennett, A., Acton, L., Epstein, G., Gruby, R.L., and Nenadovic, M. 2018. Embracing conceptual diversity to integrate power and institutional analysis: Introducing a relational typology. International Journal of the Commons 12(2).
  13. Carlisle, K., and Gruby, R.L. (2018). Why the path to polycentricity matters: evidence from fisheries governance in Palau. Environmental Policy and Governance 28(4): 223-235.
  14. Carlisle, K., and Gruby, R.L. Polycentric systems of governance: A theoretical model for the commons.. In Press, Policy Studies Journal.  OPEN ACCESS
  15. **Gruby, R.L., Fairbanks, L.W., Acton, L., Artis, E., Campbell, L.M., Gray, N.J., Mitchell, L., Zigler, S.B.J., Wilson, K. 2017. Conceptualizing Social Outcomes of Large Marine Protected AreasCoastal Management 45(6): 416-435.
  16. **Gruby, R.L. 2017. Macropolitics of Micronesia: Toward a critical theory of regional environmental governance. Global Environmental Politics 17(4): 9-27.
  17. Gray, N.J., Bennett, N.J., Day, J., Gruby, R.L., Wilhelm, T.A., Christie, P. 2017. Human Dimensions of Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas: Advancing Research and Practice.  Coastal Management 45(6): 407-415
  18. Christie, P., Bennett, N.J., Gray, N.J., Wilhelm, T. A., Lewis, N., Ban, N.C., Gruby, R.L., Gordon, L., Day, J., Taei, S., Friedlander, A.M. (2017). Why People Matter in Ocean Governance: Incorporating Human Dimensions into Large Scale Marine Protected Areas. Marine Policy 84: 273-284.
  19. Bennett, N., Teh, L., Ota, Y., Christie, P., Ayers, A.,Day, J., Franks, P., Gill, D., Gruby, R.. Kittinger, J.N.,Koehn, J.Z., Lewis, N., Parks, J., Vierros, M., Whitty, T.S., Wilhelm, A., Wright, K., Aburto, J.A., Finkbeiner, A., Gaymer, C., Govan, H., Gray, N., Jarvis, R.M., Kaplan-Hallam, M.K., Satterfield (2017). An Appeal for a Code of Conduct for Marine ConservationMarine Policy 81: 411–18.
  20. **Gruby, R.L., Gray, N.J., Campbell, L.M., Acton, L. (2016). Toward a Social Science Research Agenda for Large Marine Protected AreasConservation Letters 9(3): 153-163. OPEN ACCESS
  21. Campbell, L.M., Gray, N.J., Fairbanks, L., Silver, J.J., Gruby, R.L., Dubik, B., Basurto, X. (2016). Governing the Oceans: New and Emerging Issues. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. 41: 2.1-2.27.
  22. Witter, R., Marion Suiseeya, K.R., Gruby, R.L., Hitchner, S., Maclin, E.M., Bourque, M., Brosius, J.P. (2015) Moments of Influence in Global Environmental Governance. Environmental Politics 24(6): 894-912.
  23. Leslie, H.M., Sievanen, L., Gancos Crawford, T., Gruby, R.L., Villanueva-Aznar H.C., Campbell, L.M. (2015). Learning from ecosystem-based management in practice.  Coastal Management.  43(5): 471-497.
  24. Silver, J.J., Gray, N.J., Campbell, L.M., Fairbanks, L.W., & Gruby, R.L. (2015). Blue economy and competing discourses in international oceans governance. Environment and Development 24(2): 135-160.
  25. Gray, N.J., Gruby, R.L., and Campbell, L.M (2014). Boundary Objects and Global Consensus: Scalar Narratives of Marine Conservation in the Convention on Biological Diversity. Global Environmental Politics 14(3): 64-83.
  26. Corson C., R.L. Gruby, R. Witter, S. Hagerman, D. Suarez, S. Greenberg, M. Bourque, N. Gray, and L.M. Campbell (2014).   Everyone’s solution? Defining and redefining protected areas at the Convention on Biological Diversity.  Conservation and Society 12(2): 190-202.
  27. Gruby R.L., and X. Basurto (2013). Multi-level governance for large marine commons: Politics and polycentricity in Palau’s protected area network. Environmental Science and Policy 33: 260-272.
  28. Campbell L.M., N.J. Gray, L.W. Fairbanks, J.J. Silver, R.L. Gruby. Oceans at Rio+20 (2013). Conservation Letters  6 (6):439-447.
  29. Gruby R.L., and L.M. Campbell (2013). Scalar Politics and the Region: Strategies for Transcending Pacific Island ‘Smallness’ on a Global Environmental Governance StageEnvironment and Planning A 45 (9): 2046-2063
  30. Sievanen L., R.L. Gruby, L.M. Campbell (2013). Fixing Marine Governance in Fiji? The New Scalar Narrative of Ecosystem-Based Management. Global Environmental Change 23 (1): 206-216.
  31. Hastings, J., R.L. Gruby, L. Sievanen  (2012). Science-based Coastal Management in Fiji: Two Case Studies from the NGO Sector. Marine Policy 36(4): 907-914.

Book Chapters

  1. Epstein, G., Bennett, A., Gruby, R.L., Acton, L., & Nenadovic, M. (2014).  Studying power with the social-ecological system framework. In Manfredo, M.J., Vaske, J.J., Rechkemmer, A., Duke, E., eds., Understanding society and natural resources: Forging new strands of integration across the social sciences. New York: Springer Press: 111-134.
  2. Bruch, C., D. Jensen, M. Nakayama, J. Unruh, R.L. Gruby & R.  Wolfarth (2008).  Post-Conflict Peace Building and Natural Resources, in Yearbook of International Environmental Law, eds. O. K. Fauchald, D. Hunter & W. Xi, 39. New York: Oxford University Press.

Reports and Popular Press

  1. Gruby, R.L., Campbell, L.M., Fairbanks, L., and Gray, N. To succeed, large ocean sanctuaries need to benefit both sea life and people. November 21, 2017, in The Conversation U.S.  (Republished in the L.A. Times, the San Francisco Chronicle, the Chicago Tribune and other newspapers.)
  2. Gray, N., Gruby, R., Campbell, L., Acton, L. (2015). Marine Wilderness or Peopled Seas? Current Conservation 9 (2): 13-17.
  3. Gruby, R., L. Sievanen, H. Leslie, and T. Gancos. (2012). The Babeldaob Island Ecosystem-Based Management Initiative: A Case Study of Marine Ecosystem-Based Management. Univ of Michigan and Brown & Duke Universities, Marine Ecosystem-Based Management in Practice [url]
  4. Gruby, R., L. Sievanen, H. Leslie, and T. Gancos. (2012). Fiji’s Vatu-i-Ra and Cakau Levu Reefs Seascape Project: A Case Study of Marine Ecosystem-Based Management. Univ of Michigan and Brown & Duke Universities, Marine Ecosystem-Based Management in Practice [url]
  5. Gruby, R.L. & L. Crowder (2009).  Still Waters Run Deep. The Environmental Forum  [url]
  6. Gruby, R.L. & J. McElfish Jr (2008).  Maryland Farmland Conservation: Supporting Sustainable Use of Land through Tax Policy, Report Prepared for the Harry R. Hughes Center for Agro-Ecology (HCAE Pub 2008-04.) [url]