Journal Articles

All Publications

For a full list of my publications, please review my:
Google Scholar Profile
Research Gate Profile

Selected Publications

Fire Policy & Management

McGrath Novak, K., McCaffrey, S., and Schultz, C.A., 2022. Comparing land manager and community perceptions of a Colorado prescribed fire outreach program. Journal of Forestry, 1-10. DOI: 10.1093/jofore/fvac026. Available here.

Huber-Stearns, H.R., Santo, A.R., Schultz, C.A., and McCaffrey, S.M. 2021. Network governance in the use of prescribed fire: roles for bridging organizations and other actors in the Western United States. Regional Environmental Change 21(118): 1-17. Available at:

Greiner, S.M., Schultz, C.A., Kooistra, C. 2020. Pre-season fire management planning: The use of Potential Operational Delineations fo prepare for wildland fire events. International Journal of Wildland Fire. Available at:

Schultz, C.A., Moseley, C. 2019. Collaborations and capacities to transform US fire management. Science 366 (6461): 38-40; doi: 10.1126/science.aay3727
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Schultz, C.A., McCaffrey, S., Huber-Stearns, H. 2019. Policy barriers and opportunities for prescribed fire application in the Western United States. International Journal of Wildland Fire (online); Available at:

Schultz, C.A.,P. Thompson, S. McCaffrey. 2019. Forest Service fire management and the elusiveness of change. Fire Ecology 15: 13; Available at :

McWethy, D., Schoennagel,T., Higuera, P.E., Krawchuk, M., Harvey, B.J., Metcalf, E.C., Schultz, C.A., Miller, C., Metcalf, A.L., Buma, B., Virapongse, A., Kulig, J.C., Stedman, R.C., Ratajczak, Z., Nelson, C.R., Kolden, C. 2019. Wildfire in the West: Learning to live in increasingly fire-prone landscapes. Nature Sustainability 2, 797-804. Available at:

Higuera, P.E., Metcalf, A.L., Miller, C., Buma, B., McWethy, D.B., Metcalf, E.C., Ratajczak, Z., Nelson, C.R., Chaffin, B.C., Stedman, R.C., McCaffrey, S., Schoennagel, T., Harvey, B.J., Hood, S.M., Schultz, C.A., Black, A.E., Campbell, D., Haggerty, J.H., Keane, R.E., Krawchuk, M.A., Kulig, J.C., Rafferty, R., Virapongse, A. 2019. Integrating subjective and objective dimensions of resilience in fire-prone landscapes. Bioscience 69: 375-388; Available at:

Forest Policy & Planning

Wurtzebach, Z., Schultz, C.A., Waltz, A.E.M., Esch, B.E., and Wasserman, T.N. 2019. Broader-scale monitoring fore federal forest planning: challenges and opportunities. Journal of Forestry (online). Available at:

Ricco, G., Schultz, C.A. Understanding organizational learning during policy implementation: lessons from US forest planning. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning 21: 275-287; Available at:

Wurtzebach, Z., Schultz, C. A., Waltz, A.E.M., Esch, B., Wasserman, T. 2019. Adaptive governance and the administrative state: knowledge management for forest planning in the western United States. Regional Environmental Change (online). Available at:

Schultz, C. A., Mattor, K. D., Moseley, C. 2016. Aligning policies to support forest restoration and promote organizational change. Forest Policy and Economics 73, 195-203. Available at:

Schultz, C. 2008. Responding to scientific uncertainty in forest policy and planning. Environmental Science and Policy 11, 253-271. Available at:

Schultz, C.A., Timberlake, T.J., Wurtzebach, Z.P., McIntyre, K.B., Moseley, C. 2019. Policy tools to address scale mismatches: lessons from US forest governance. Ecology and Society 24(1). Available at:

Huber-Stearns, H.R., Schultz, C.A., Cheng, A.S. 2019. A multiple streams analysis of institutional innovation in forest watershed governance. Review of Policy Research 36 (6), 781-804. Available at:

Pitt, A. N., Schultz, C.A. 2018. Youth-based citizen science monitoring: Case studies from three National Forests. Journal of Forestry 116(2), 109-116. Available at:

Wurtzebach, Z., Schultz, C. A. 2016. Measuring ecological integrity: history, practical applications, and research opportunities. BioScience 66, 446-457. Available at:


Climate Change Considerations in Forest Management

vonHedemann, N., Schultz, C. A. 2021. U.S. Family Forest Owners’ Forest Management for Climate Adaptation: Perspectives From Extension and Outreach Specialists. Frontiers in Climate 3:676718. Available at:

Stephens, S., Westerling, A., Hurteau, M., Peery, M., Schultz, C.A., Thompson, S. 2020. Fire and climate change: Conserving seasonally dry forests is still possible. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (in press). Available at:

vonHedemann, N., Wurtzebach, Z, Timberlake, T.J., Sinkular, E., Schultz, C.A. 2020. Forest policy and management approaches for carbon dioxide removal. Royal Society Interface Focus 10(5), 20200001. Available at:

Buma, B., Schultz, C.A. Disturbances as opportunities: Can we learn from disturbance-response parallels in social and ecological systems to better adapt to climate change? Journal of Applied Ecology 57(6), 1113-1123. Available at:

Timberlake, T.J., Schultz, C.A. 2019. Climate change vulnerability assessment for forest management: the case of the U.S. Forest Service. Forests 10, 1030; Available at:

Rutherford, T., Schultz, C.A. 2019. Adapting wildland fire governance to climate change in Alaska. Ecology and Society 24(1), 27-40. URL:

Timberlake, T.J., Schultz, C.A. 2018. Policy, practice, and partnerships for climate change adaptation on U.S. national forests. Climatic Change 144, 257-269. Available at:


Wildlife Conservation

Niemiec, R., Berl, R.E.W., Gonzalez, M., Teel, T., Camara, C., Collins, M., Salerno, J., Crooks, K., Schultz, C., Breck, S., Hoag, D. 2020. Public perspectives and media reporting of wolf reintroduction in Colorado. Peer J 8, e9074. Available at:

Nie, M. A., Schultz, C. A. 2012. Decision-making triggers in adaptive management. Conservation Biology 26(6), 1137–1144. Available at:

Schultz, C. A., Sisk, T. D., Noon, B. R., Nie, M. A. 2013. Wildlife conservation planning under the United States Forest Service’s 2012 planning rule. The Journal of Wildlife Management 77(3), 428–444. Available at:

Schultz, C. A. 2010. Challenges in connecting cumulative effects analysis to effective wildlife conservation planning. Bioscience 60(7), 545–551. Available at:


Collaborative Forest Management

Kooistra, C., Schultz, C., Abrams, A., Huber-Stearns, H. 2022. Institutionalizing the United States Forest Service’s Shared Stewardship Strategy in the Western United States. Journal of Forestry. Available at:

McIntyre, K.M., Schultz, C.A. Facilitating Collaboration in Forest Management: Assessing the Benefits of Collaborative Policy Innovations. Land Use Policy 96, 104683. Available at:

Cyphers, L., Schultz, C.A. 2019. Policy Design to Support Cross-Boundary Land Management: The Example of the Joint Chiefs Landscape Restoration Partnership. Land Use Policy; Available at:

Schultz, C.A., McIntyre, K.B., Cyphers, L., Kooistra, C., Ellison, A., Moseley, C. 2018. Policy Design for Forest Restoration: The Value of Focused Investment and Collaboration. Forests 9: 512, doi:10.3390/f9090512. Available at:

Schultz, C. A., Coelho, D. L., Beam, R. D. 2014. Design and governance of multiparty monitoring under the USDA Forest Service’s Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program. Journal of Forestry 112(2), 198–206. Available at:

Schultz, C. A., Jedd, T., Beam, R. D. 2012. The Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program: a history and overview of the first projects. Journal of Forestry 110(7), 381–391. Available at: